Italian Wine Regions - Quattrocalici

Friuli-Venezia Giulia


Table of Contents for the Friuli-Venezia Giulia Region

The Friuli-Venezia Giulia Wine Region

The territory and the wines of Friuli-Venezia Giulia

Friuli-Venezia Giulia has always been the land of great white wines. The fame of these wines, even if with very different styles and expressions, has reached such levels as to push someone to define them as “superwhites“. Alongside the grapes of international varieties, which here have found in many cases ideal production areas, just as important is the presence of authoctonous varieties whose wines characterize the enology of Friuli-Venezia Giulia. The region can be ideally divided into three zones: the flat area around the province of Pordenone and part of the province of Udine, with the DOC Grave and the DOC’s Aquileia, Annia and Latisana; the north-east area of ​​the province of Udine and the province of Gorizia with the DOC Isonzo, Colli Orientali del Friuli and Collio, and finally the Giuliana area with the DOC Carso. Each of these macroareas is characterized by the style of specific native wines and varieties. Friuli-Venezia Giulia has recently been a battleground at European Community level, because of the diatribe with Hungary on the right to to call Tocai the wine produced with the Tocai Friulano grapes. In fact in Hungary there is a name of protected origin called Tokaji, a small village on the border with Ukraine known for its sweet wines. The cause was lost by Italy in 2007 with the consequence that as the Tocai Friulano grapes maintain their name, their wines have since been called respectively “Friulano” in Friuli-Venezia Giulia and “Tai” in Veneto. This defeat was partly offset by the victory over the protection of the name Prosecco, protected by a special DOC in 2009. This new DOC takes its name from a municipality near Trieste, which has little to do with the production of the traditional sparkling wine, which was unknown in the area, but its toponym allowed to protect the name Prosecco as a denomination. From then on, the grape variety always  known as “Prosecco” changed its name to become “Glera“, an ancient Slovenian name for the grape.

The history of viticulture in Friuli-Venezia Giulia

Due to its geographical position, Friuli-Venezia Giulia has been a subject for territorial disputes since Roman times, followed by the Byzantines, Venetians and Habsburgs. Many of the grape varieties present in the region owe their spread to the peoples who have settled there. Initially the territory was conquered by the Romans, who called it Forum Julii. At that time Aquileia became one of the most important cities of the Empire. Important testimonies such as those of Pliny the Elder refer to the quality of the wines of the region. The cultivation of grapes and the production of wine experienced continuous developments during the Venetian domination, followed by that of the Hapsburg, until the advent of phylloxera towards the end of 1800. The spread of international varieties in Friuli-Venezia Giulia dates back to this period and during the following years they managed to overwhelm the production of native varieties. More recently, there has been a revival of the regional ampelographic heritage, and many of the region’s finest wines come from autochthonous grape varieties.

The Grape Varieties of Friuli-Venezia Giulia

The rich heritage of autochthonous grape varieties of Friuli-Venezia Giulia has been enriched over time with many international varieties such as Chardonnay, Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc and Sauvignon, Pinot Noir which have been introduced in the nineteenth century during the Habsburg domination. Tocai Friulano, Verduzzo Friulano, Picolit, Refosco dal Peduncolo Rosso, Schioppettino, Pignolo and Tazzelenghe are native grapes of Friuli Venezia Giulia, while Ribolla Gialla and Malvasia Istriana, present in the area for centuries, were probably introduced during the XIII century. Gewürztraminer, Müller-Thurgau, Riesling and Riesling Italico, Franconia (Blaufränkisch) were introduced into Friuli from Austria.

The production areas and the wines of Friuli Venezia Giulia

Friuli-Venezia Giulia produces white and red wines, while rosés are very rare in the region. The wines from Verduzzo Friulano and Picolit grapes are among the most famous Italian dessert wines. In Friuli-Venezia Giulia there are currently four DOCG, ten DOC and three IGT. Let’s take a closer look at the most important production areas in the region.

Collio or Collio Friulano

Collio is located in the eastern part of the region, in the province of Gorizia, and is particularly famous for the production of white wines. Tocai Friulano and Ribolla gialla are the most important varieties cultivated in this area, along with international varieties such as Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc. Both varietal wines and interesting assemblies come from these varieties. They allow to harmoniously blend the characteristics of the different grape varieties. In Collio area, red wines are also produced, specially with Merlot, Cabernet Franc and Cabernet Sauvignon grapes.

Colli Orientali del Friuli

Colli Orientali del Friuli is the second most important wine region in Friuli-Venezia Giulia. It is located further north-west, in the province of Udine. Here one of the most sought-after and famous passito wines of Italy is produced, the Picolit. Another sweet wine is produced from the grapes of Verduzzo Friulano, both passito and late harvest. As in Collio, the production of the Colli Orientali del Friuli mainly concerns white wines, in particular from Tocai Friulano, Sauvignon Blanc and Chardonnay grapes. The red wines of the Colli Orientali del Friuli come from grapes of international varieties, such as Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Cabernet Sauvignon and Pinot Noir, while among the indigenous black berried grapes Schioppettino, Refosco dal Peduncolo Rosso, Tazzelenghe and Pignolo are very interesting.

Friuli Grave

The Grave area (or Friuli Grave DOC) is the largest one in the region and extends from the province of Udine to the west up to that of Pordenone. Its name comes from the soil, rich in pebbles and gravel, suitable for producing excellent wines. The area represents over two thirds of regional wine production. Grave wines are generally less complex than those of Collio or Colli Orientali del Friuli, however the average quality level is among the highest in Italy. In the Grave white wines from Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc and Tocai Friulano grapes are produced, while the production of red wines is mainly based on the international Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon and Cabernet Franc grapes and with the native Refosco dal Peduncolo Rosso grapes.

Ramandolo

The area of ​​Ramandolo was before 2001 a sub-area of the denomination Colli Orientali del Friuli DOC. It was the first DOCG in the region, as today (2018) they are four. It produces the famous sweet wine from Verduzzo Friulano grapes, starting from both overripe and passito grapes.

The other production areas of Friuli-Venezia Giulia

The denomination Friuli Isonzo DOC is also important. Here wines are produced that recall those of Collio and are located south of this area. The wines are mainly white and are made from Tocai Friulano, Chardonnay and Sauvignon grapes. The red wines are produced with Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon grapes. In the flat southern part of the region there are the DOC Annia and Latisana, in which we can find mainly white wines, directly affected by the influence of the maritime climate.

The regional cuisine of Friuli-Venezia Giulia

The cuisine from Friuli-Venezia Giulia reflects the soul of the two territories, namely that of the Carnica and sub-alpine areas and that of the Adriatic coast. As starters,  the Prosciutto di San Daniele PDO and the Prosciutto di Sauris PGI. Other typical appetizers are the granseola alla triestina and the smoked trout. As main courses there are soups such as the carsolina (with eggs and flour), jota (potato bean soup and sauerkraut), rice and potato soup and many others. The Adriatic coast is famous for its fish stews, while among the first pasta dishes we remember the Carnia’s agnolotti (with ricotta and spinach) and the cialzon of Timau (pasta stuffed with potatoes, raisins and herbs flavored with smoked ricotta and melted butter ). Typical gnocchi, seasoned with minced meat and liver and numerous risottos with seafood. Even for the main courses we can find the same difference between the typically alpine meat dishes and the maritime ones based on fish. Among the first, the veal shank in the oven, the carnaiola head (of veal, boiled, cut into strips and served with sauce) the goulash of Austro-Hungarian origin, the pork in raspberry sauce, the toc de purcit (stew of pork with liver, flavored with cinnamon and cloves) and frico (a single dish of Montasio cheese fried in butter, with potatoes and onions). Among the numerous game dishes we point out the hare Bohemian way (stewed with aromas) and the roe deer with the typical polenta pastizzada (obtained by adding milk and butter to the yellow flour and water). Among the seafood dishes, remember the cuttlefish alla granseola (stuffed with granseola pulp), the shrimp with sauce and the scallops au gratin. Among the side dishes,  the brovada dop, (turnips soured in the marc and cut into strips) and potatoes in tecia. Some examples of typical desserts are the gubana (donut of leavened dough filled with raisins, pine nuts, walnuts and candied lemon and orange peel), the presnitz (typical dessert of Trieste based on rolled puff pastry with a filling of walnuts, almonds, pine nuts , figs, prunes, apricots, raisins, grated chocolate, sugar, cinnamon, cloves and rum), the strucolo (a strudel, both sweet, with apples, than salted, with spinach) and the pinza, a winter dessert based on stale bread, milk, sugar, eggs, dried fruit, raisins, apples and fennel seeds. Typical biscuits known as “esse” by Raveo, for their particular curved shape.

The Wine Producers of the Friuli-Venezia Giulia Region

 ProducerProvinceCity
Albano GuerraUdineTorreano
AlbericeUdineCorno di Rosazzo
Aldo PolencicGoriziaCormons
Alessandro PascoloGoriziaDolegna del Collio
Alessio DorigoUdinePovoletto
AngorisGoriziaCormons
Anna BerraUdineNimis
RegutaUdinePocenia
Antico BroiloUdinePrepotto
AntonuttiUdinePasian di Prato
Anzelin GianlucaGoriziaCormons
Aquila del TorreUdinePovoletto
ArcaniaUdineRive d’Arcano
ArzentonUdineCividale del Friuli
Ascevi LuwaGoriziaSan Floriano del Collio
BastianichUdineCividale del Friuli
BidoliUdineRive d’Arcano
BlasonGoriziaGradisca d’Isonzo
BlazicGoriziaCormons
Vino consigliatiBoleTrieste
Vino consigliatiBorgo ConventiGoriziaFarra d’Isonzo
Borgo dei SaporiUdineCividale del Friuli
Borgo del TiglioGoriziaCormons
Borgo delle OchePordenoneValvasone
Borgo JudrioUdineCorno di Rosazzo
Borgo MagredoPordenoneSpilimbergo
Borgo San DanieleGoriziaCormons
Borgo SavaianGoriziaCormons
BortolussoUdineCarlino
BrankoGoriziaCormons
BrunnerUdineChiopris-Viscone
Buiatti Livio e ClaudioUdineButtrio
Cà RonescaGoriziaDolegna del Collio
Cà SelvaPordenoneChions
Cà TullioUdineAquileia
CabertUdineBertiolo
CadibonUdineCorno di Rosazzo
Vino consigliatiCantaruttiUdineSan Giovanni al Natisone
Cantina Produttori CormònsGoriziaCormons
CanusUdineCorno di Rosazzo
Carlo di PradisGoriziaCormons
Casa ZulianiGoriziaFarra d’Isonzo
Casali AureliaUdineCastions di Strada
CastellargoUdineTreppo Grande
Castello di ButtrioUdineButtrio
Castello di RubbiaGoriziaSavogna d’Isonzo
Castello di SpessaGoriziaCapriva del Friuli
Castello SantannaUdineCividale del Friuli
CastelvecchioGoriziaSagrado
CencigUdineManzano
Colle DugaGoriziaCormons
Colli di PoianisUdinePrepotto
Vino consigliatiColmello di GrottaGoriziaFarra d’Isonzo
Colutta GianpaoloUdineManzano
Colutta GiorgioUdineManzano
ComelliUdineFaedis
Conte BrandoliniPordenoneSacile
Conte d’Attimis-ManiagoUdineButtrio
Conti AttemsGoriziaCapriva del Friuli
Conti FormentiniGoriziaSan Floriano del Collio
CrastinGoriziaDolegna del Collio
Dario CoosUdineNimis
Dario RaccaroGoriziaCormons
Denis MontanarUdineVilla Vicentina
Denis PizzulinUdinePrepotto
Di Lenardo VineyardsUdineGonars
Doro PrincicUdineCormons
DragaGoriziaSan Floriano del Collio
Dri Giovanni Il RoncatUdineNimis
DriusGoriziaCormons
Edi KeberGoriziaCormons
Emilio BulfonPordenonePinzano al Tagliamento
ErmacoraUdinePremariacco
Eugenio Collavini ViticoltoriUdineCorno di Rosazzo
FalconUdinePovoletto
FantinelPordenoneSpilimbergo
Ferlat SilvanoGoriziaCormons
Ferruccio SgubinGoriziaDolegna del Collio
Feudo Dei GelsiUdineNimis
FieglGoriziaGorizia
FlaibaniUdineCividale del Friuli
FoffaniUdineTrivignano Udinese
Forchir Viticoltori in FriuliUdineCamino al Tagliamento
Fossa MalaPordenoneFiume Veneto
Franco VisintinGoriziaGradisca d’Isonzo
GiganteUdineCorno di Rosazzo
Giordano SirchUdineCividale del Friuli
Giovanni DondaUdineAquileia
Girolamo DorigoUdineButtrio
Gradis’ciuttaGoriziaSan Floriano del Collio
Grandi e GabanaUdinePocenia
GraunarGoriziaSan Floriano del Collio
GravnerGoriziaGorizia
I Clivi – Zanusso FerdinandoUdineCorno di Rosazzo
I ComelliUdineNimis
I Feudi di RomansGoriziaSan Canzian d’Isonzo
I MagrediPordenoneSan Giorgio della Richinvelda
Il CarpinoGoriziaSan Floriano del Collio
Il RoncalUdineCividale del Friuli
Vino consigliatiIole GrilloUdinePrepotto
Isola AugustaUdinePalazzolo dello Stella
JacùssUdineTorreano
JermannGoriziaFarra d’Isonzo
KanteTriesteDuino-Aurisina
Korsic RodolfoGoriziaSan Floriano del Collio
KurtinGoriziaCormons
Vino consigliatiLa BellanotteGoriziaFarra d’Isonzo
La BoatinaGoriziaCormons
La Buse dal LofUdinePrepotto
La CastelladaGoriziaGorizia
La DeliziaPordenoneCasarsa della Delizia
La GangaPordenoneSan Giorgio della Richinvelda
La RajadeGoriziaDolegna del Collio
La RoncaiaUdineNimis
La SclusaUdineCividale del Friuli
La TunellaUdinePremariacco
La ViarteUdinePrepotto
La VolparieUdineReana del Rojale
LadairocsUdineFaedis
Le Due TerreUdinePrepotto
Le Due TorriUdineCorno di Rosazzo
Le FavolePordenoneSacile
Le Vigne di ZamòUdineManzano
Lino CasellaUdinePrepotto
Vino consigliatiLis NerisGoriziaSan Lorenzo Isontino
Livio FellugaGoriziaCormons
LivonUdineSan Giovanni al Natisone
Luca FedeleUdineCorno di Rosazzo
LupincTriesteDuino-Aurisina
MagnàsGoriziaCormons
MangilliUdineTalmassons
Marco CecchiniUdineFaedis
Marco FellugaGoriziaGradisca d’Isonzo
Marco ScolarisGoriziaSan Lorenzo Isontino
MaregaGoriziaSan Floriano del Collio
Masut da RiveGoriziaMariano del Friuli
Maurizio BuzzinelliGoriziaCormons
Maurizio ZaccomerUdineNimis
MeroiUdineButtrio
MianiUdineButtrio
MicossiUdineTarcento
MidoliniUdineManzano
Mont’AlbanoUdinePovoletto
MoschioniUdineCividale del Friuli
Mulino delle TolleUdineBagnaria Arsa
Vino consigliatiMuzicGoriziaSan Floriano del Collio
ZorzettigUdineCividale del Friuli
Nadali IlvoGoriziaMariano del Friuli
ObizUdineCervignano del Friuli
Paolo CacceseGoriziaCormons
Paolo RodaroUdineCividale del Friuli
Paolo VenturiniGoriziaCormons
ParaschosGoriziaSan Floriano del Collio
PerusiniUdineCorno di Rosazzo
PetruccoUdineButtrio
PetrussaUdinePrepotto
PicechGoriziaCormons
Piè di MontGoriziaGorizia
Piera MartellozzoPordenoneSan Quirino
Pierpaolo PecorariGoriziaSan Lorenzo Isontino
PighinUdinePavia di Udine
Pitars Cantine San MartinoPordenoneSan Martino al Tagliamento
PloznerPordenoneSpilimbergo
PodversicGoriziaGorizia
Polencic IsidoroGoriziaCormons
PoljeGoriziaCormons
PradioUdineBicinicco
PrimosicGoriziaGorizia
Principi di PorciaPordenoneAzzano Decimo
PuiattiGoriziaRomans d’Isonzo
Puntin DarioUdineAquileia
RadikonGoriziaGorizia
Renata PizzulinGoriziaMoraro
Renato KeberGoriziaCormons
Renzo SgubinGoriziaCormons
Rive Col de FerPordenoneCaneva
Rocca BernardaUdinePremariacco
Ronc di VicoUdinePovoletto
Ronc SoreliUdinePrepotto
RoncadaGoriziaCormons
Ronchi di CiallaUdinePrepotto
Ronchi di ManzanoUdineManzano
Ronchi Rò delle FragoleGoriziaDolegna del Collio
Ronchi San GiuseppeUdineCividale del Friuli
Ronco BlanchisGoriziaMossa
Ronco dei PiniUdinePrepotto
Ronco dei TassiGoriziaCormons
Ronco del GelsoGoriziaCormons
Ronco del GnemizUdineSan Giovanni al Natisone
Ronco delle BetulleUdineManzano
Ronco di PrepottoUdinePrepotto
Ronco SeveroUdinePrepotto
RoncùsGoriziaCapriva del Friuli
Rosa BoscoUdineMoimacco
RubiniUdineCividale del Friuli
Russiz SuperioreGoriziaCapriva del Friuli
RussoloPordenoneSan Quirino
San SimonePordenonePorcia
Sant’ElenaGoriziaGradisca d’Isonzo
Sara & SaraUdinePovoletto
Sara MarcoUdinePovoletto
ScarboloUdinePavia di Udine
SchiopettoGoriziaCapriva del Friuli
Vino consigliatiScublaUdinePremariacco
SkerkTriesteDuino-Aurisina
SkerljTriesteSgonico
SkokGoriziaSan Floriano del Collio
Specogna LeonardoUdineCorno di Rosazzo
StanigUdinePrepotto
StoccoUdineBicinicco
SturmGoriziaCormons
Subida di MonteGoriziaCormons
Tarlao SabinoUdineAquileia
Tenuta BeltrameUdineBagnaria Arsa
Tenuta Bosco AlbanoPordenonePasiano di Pordenone
Tenuta Cà BolaniUdineCervignano del Friuli
Tenuta di BlasigGoriziaRonchi dei Legionari
Tenuta La PoncaGoriziaDolegna del Collio
Tenuta LuisaGoriziaMariano del Friuli
Tenuta PinniPordenoneSan Martino al Tagliamento
Tenuta StellaGoriziaDolegna del Collio
Tenuta VillanovaGoriziaFarra d’Isonzo
Tenute TomasellaPordenoneBrugnera
Teresa RaizUdinePovoletto
TerpinGoriziaSan Floriano del Collio
Terre del FaetGoriziaCormons
Terre di GerPordenonePravisdomini
Thomas KitzmüllerGoriziaCormons
TiareGoriziaDolegna del Collio
TomadoniGoriziaCormons
TorosGoriziaCormons
Torre RosazzaUdineManzano
ValchiaròUdineTorreano
Valentino ButussiUdineCorno di Rosazzo
Valerio MarinigUdinePrepotto
ValpaneraUdineVilla Vicentina
VenchiarezzaUdineCividale del Friuli
Vendrame Vignis del DogeUdineCodroipo
Venica & VenicaGoriziaDolegna del Collio
VidussiGoriziaCapriva del Friuli
Vino consigliatiVie di RomansGoriziaMariano del Friuli
Vigna PetrussaUdinePrepotto
Vigna TraversoUdinePrepotto
Vignai da DulineUdineSan Giovanni al Natisone
Vino consigliatiVigne del MalinaUdineRemanzacco
Vigne Fantin NodàrUdinePremariacco
Vigneti Le MondePordenonePrata di Pordenone
Vigneti PittaroUdineCodroipo
Vignis di MarianGoriziaFarra d’Isonzo
Villa de PuppiUdineMoimacco
Villa JobUdinePozzuolo del Friuli
Villa ParensGoriziaFarra d’Isonzo
Villa RussizGoriziaCapriva del Friuli
VisintiniUdineCorno di Rosazzo
VitasUdineCervignano del Friuli
VodopivecTriesteSgonico
Volpe PasiniUdineTorreano
VoscaGoriziaCormons
ZagliaUdinePrecenicco
ZidarichTriesteDuino-Aurisina
ZofUdineCorno di Rosazzo
ZorzonGoriziaCormons
ZuaniGoriziaSan Floriano del Collio
Tenimenti CivaUdinePovoletto
VistortaPordenoneSacile