Italian Wine Regions - Quattrocalici


Campania wines

Table of Contents for the Campania Region

The Campania Wine Region

Territory and viticulture in Campania

Campania, a region of ancient wine-making traditions, in recent times has been able to create wines of the highest level both from white and black berry grape varieties. Geographically speaking the cultivation of grapes in Campania is favored by the hilly (50%) and  mountainous (30%) territory. The plain area represents just 15% of the total surface of the region.

In Campania there are more than 25,000 hectares of vineyards and a predominant production of black grapes. The prevalent training form is moving from the traditional pergola to the backrest and espalier, although the training methods of such a wide region may differ depending on the area. In Caserta the “alberata maritata” (vines groving on living trees, like elms) is still more or less widely used, while the tree is more prevalent in Avellino province and in the high hills and mountains areas in general.

The history of viticulture in Campania

The wine history of Campania has ancient origins, dating prior to Roman times and allegedly began with the arrival of the ancient Greeks in the region. The Greeks introduced the first seeds of vitis vinifera in Campania. The main native grapes of the region, such as Aglianico, Greco, Fiano, Falanghina, Biancolella and Piedirosso are in fact of Greek origin. The name “Aglianico” seems to come from the word “Hellenic“, i.e. “from Greece”. The contribution of the ancient Greeks was critical to the success of the wines of Campania during the Roman period. During the Roman Empire the cultivation of grapes had a great development and wines from Campania were also exported outside the Italian peninsula. Many of the famous wines of the time, as the Calenus, Faustiniano and particularly Falerno, were produced in Campania. Pompeii became a major wine trading center of Campania. From the ports of Pozzuoli and Sinuessa tens of thousands of hectoliters reached the Mediterranean countries. The end of the Roman Empire brought to the decline of viticulture in Campania until the Middle Ages, one of the darkest periods for grapes and wine in this region. Even in the medieval period, however, some wines of Campania met some success. In 1300 the strong acidity of  the Asprinio grape was recognized as an advantage for the production of sparkling wines and in 1700 many traders used to come to Aversa for buying the grapes used to make “wines with bubbles”. The end of the century marked a new decline for winemaking. The powdery mildew and phylloxera arrived in Campania much later than elsewhere, but the viticulture however, suffered extensive damage. The importance of quality production in winemaking was only recognized since the early 1980. Recently the wines from Campania are experiencing an incredible success and great interest from consumers worldwide, both for white and red wines. The white Greco di Tufo, Fiano of Avellino, Falanghina and Taurasi and various interpretations of Aglianico as reds are just some examples that make Campania one of the most interesting regions of Italy from the winemakig point of view.

The vineyards of Campania

The heritage in terms of grape varieties in Campania is extremely rich, particularly regarding indigenous grapes, many of them recently rediscovered and valued as they deserve and from which the most interesting wines of Campania are  made. Among the white indigenous grapes of Campania Asprinio, Falanghina, Fiano, Greco, Coda di Volpe, Pallagrello bianco, Biancolella and Forastera. Among the indigenous red grapes, the Aglianico, Piedirosso (aka Per’e Palummo, namely Pigeon Foot), Sciascinoso, Pallagrello Nero and Casavecchia. This variety has been forgotten for years and only recently rediscovered. It’s capable of producing red wines of great elegance, richly colored thanks to an anthocyanin content higher than the one of Aglianico .

The appellations of origin in Campania

For many years the Taurasi DOCG was the only wine in Campania recognized with the Controlled and Guaranteed Denomination of Origin. Since 2003 the Greco di Tufo DOCG and Fiano of Avellino DOCG also added up to the list. In the region also interesting PGI (IGT) wines are produced with either native and iternational grape varieties. Currently in Campania there are 4 DOCG, 2 for white wines and 2 for red wines and 14 DOCs, flanked by 10 IGT stating the wine-making vocation of the region. Among them the beautiful vineyards at the foot of Vesuvius, in the islands of Ischia (Ischia DOC) and Capri (Capri DOC), on the Sorrento Peninsula, (Penisola Sorrentina DOC) in the province of Caserta (Falerno del Massico DOC), of Benevento (Aglianico del Taburno o Taburno DOCG) in the area of Colli del Sannio (Falanghina Sannio DOC and Sannio DOC) and of the Valle Caudina. 20 agricultural PDO and PGI, e.g. Mozzarella di Bufala Campana DOP, the Pomodoro San Marzano DOP and Limone di Costa d’Amlfi IGP. Among them four appellations for the Extra virgin Olive Oil.

The wine areas in Campania

The highest concentration of vineyards is in the province of Avellino, where Taurasi DOCG, Greco di Tufo DOCG, Fiano of Avellino DOCG  are located and Benevento province with the Sannio DOC and Taburno DOC.

Taurasi and Aglianico

The most important area for Aglianico is Irpinia, the province of Avellino, where Taurasi, its best wine, is made. Also known as the “Barolo of the South”, the Taurasi is a very rich, concentrated, complex, elegant and surprising wine. Aglianico also gives interesting red wines in the Taburno DOC, province of Benevento. Aglianico is the protagonist of the red wine area of the Sannio DOC, also in the province of Benevento. Aglianico is also the main grape variety for the production of red wines of Falerno Massico DOC, in the province of Caserta .

Greco di Tufo and Fiano di Avellino

These two wines were able to get out among the whites wines from Campania, being able to get the Denomination of Controlled and Guaranteed Origin (DOCG) in 2003. The Greco di Tufo DOCG and Fiano of Avellino DOCG are in fact the most famous white wines of Campania, along with those from the excellent Falanghina grape. The Greco di Tufo takes its name from the namesake village Tufo, and is also produced as a sparkling wine. The wine is mainly produced with grape variety Greco and to a lesser extent by the variety Coda di Volpe and is it’s a fresh, dry and medium bodied wine. The Fiano of Avellino, named by the Romans Apianum is more fragrant in taste. Its ancient name is coming from  the bees (api) which used to perch the grapes left hanging to dry to become raisins for the production of sweet wines. It’s an elegant and fragrant, complex and good structured wine, often available in cask-aged versions.

The other production areas

Among the other interesting wine areas of Campania there is Aversa, homeland of the famous Asprinio and the Falerno del Massico DOC wines. The area of Vesuvius is then characterized by Lacryma Christi wine, a dry wine available as white, red and rosé. The island of Ischia with its white wines from grapes Forastera and Biancolella and the reds from Piedirosso is also particularly interesting.

The regional cuisine of Campania

The Neapolitan pizza and the pastiera cake are certainly among the most famous dishes of the Campania cuisine. The pizza’s origins are uncertain, but it seems that initially it was a dish for the poor people, sold on the road, while the Neapolitan pastiera is a typical cake made traditionally during the Easter period with a pastry base filled with ricotta, candied fruit, eggs and other tasty ingredients .

The Campania cuisine has however a wide variety of typical food, among which the best known are the mozzarella di bufala dop, the tomatoes of San Marzano, the buffalo ricotta, the lemon of the Amalfi coast, the Gragnano pasta, the Sorrento walnuts, the broccoli and Limoncello. Famous also the typical fish and shellfish dishes, such as the  marinated eel, the peppered mussels or spaghetti with fishfood. Among the meat recipes the paccheri with meat sauce and the minestra maritata. Dishes based on vegetables are the eggplant parmigiana, the caprese and the Sorrento dumplings.

The Wine Producers of the Campania Region

A CasaAvellinoAvellino
Ager FalernusCasertaSessa Aurunca
Agricola San Giovanni CastellabateSalernoCastellabate
Aia dei ColombiBeneventoGuardia Sanframondi
Alfonso RotoloSalernoRutino
Antica Masseria VendittiBeneventoCastelvenere
Antico BorgoAvellinoTaurasi
Antico CastelloAvellinoSan Mango sul Calore
Azienda Agricola La Pietra di TommasoneNapoliLacco Ameno
Azienda Agricola RealeSalernoTramonti
Azienda Agricola San SalvatoreSalernoStio
Benito FerraraAvellinoTufo
Bianchini RossettiCasertaCarinola
BorgodangeloAvellinoSant’Angelo all’Esca
Bosco de MediciNapoliPompei
Brunigi GalcoCasertaSessa Aurunca
CalafèAvellinoPratola Serra
Cantina BambinutoAvellinoSanta Paolina
Cantina CapizziCasertaSessa Aurunca
Cantina dei MonaciAvellinoSanta Paolina
Cantina del BaroneAvellinoCesinali
Cantina del TaburnoBeneventoFoglianise
Cantina del VesuvioNapoliTrecase
Cantina GiardinoAvellinoAriano Irpino
Cantina La FortezzaBeneventoTorrecuso
Cantine Antonio CaggianoAvellinoTaurasi
Cantine BaroneSalernoRutino
Cantine DanieleSalernoCapaccio
Cantine degli AstroniNapoliNapoli
Cantine del MareNapoliMonte di Procida
Cantine dell’AngeloAvellinoTufo
Cantine FarroNapoliBacoli
Cantine Federiciane MonteleoneNapoliMarano di Napoli
Cantine Iannella AntonioBeneventoTorrecuso
Cantine ManimurciAvellinoPaternopoli
Cantine OlivellaNapoliSant’Anastasia
Cantine RaoCasertaCaiazzo
Cantine TerraneraAvellinoGrottolella
Cantine ToraBeneventoTorrecuso
Cantine VistabellaAvellinoMontefredane
Capolino PerlingieriBeneventoCastelvenere
Casa d’AmbraNapoliForio
Casa di BaalSalerno
Casa SetaroNapoliTrecase
Case d’AltoAvellinoGrottaminarda
CasedangeloAvellinoSant’Angelo all’Esca
Castello DucaleBeneventoAmorosi
Casula VinariaSalerno
Catalano ElenaBeneventoBenevento
CautieroBeneventoFrasso Telesino
Ciro PicarielloAvellinoSummonte
CobellisSalernoVallo della Lucania
CocciacavalloAvellinoPratola Serra
Colle di San DomenicoAvellinoChiusano di San Domenico
Colli di CastelfranciAvellinoCastelfranci
Colli di LapioAvellinoLapio
Contrada SalandraNapoliPozzuoli
Contrade di TaurasiAvellinoTaurasi
Costa delle CaranfeNapoliBarano d’Ischia
Crapa RecciaCasertaCastel di Sasso
Crypta Castagnara CantineAvellinoGrottolella
D’Antiche TerreAvellinoManocalzati
De AngelisNapoliSorrento
De Falco ViniNapoliSan Sebastiano al Vesuvio
De Lucia VineyardsBeneventoGuardia Sanframondi
De Santis FeliceAvellinoMontemiletto
Della Valle JappelljCasertaCaserta
Di MarzoAvellinoTufo
Di MeoAvellinoSalza Irpina
Di PriscoAvellinoFontanarosa
Donna ClaraSalernoCamerota
DublAvellinoSorbo Serpico
Esterina Centrella ViticoltoreAvellinoTorrioni
Ettore SammarcoSalernoRavello
Fattoria La RivoltaBeneventoTorrecuso
Fattoria PaganoCasertaCarinola
Fattoria PratticoCasertaRocca d’Evandro
Fattoria SelvanovaCasertaCastel Campagnano
Feudi di San GregorioAvellinoSorbo Serpico
Feudo ApianoAvellinoLapio
Fiore RomanoNapoliOttaviano
Fonzone CacceseAvellinoPaternopoli
Fosso Degli AngeliBeneventoCasalduni
GalardiCasertaSessa Aurunca
Giardini ArimeiNapoliForio
Giovanni IannucciBeneventoGuardia Sanframondi
Giuseppe ApicellaSalernoTramonti
Grotta del SoleNapoliQuarto
Guido MarsellaAvellinoSummonte
I BorboniCasertaLusciano
I CacciagalliCasertaTeano
I CapitaniAvellinoTorre le Nocelle
I FavatiAvellinoCesinali
I Vini Del CavaliereSalernoCapaccio
Il CancelliereAvellinoMontemarano
Il Poggio – BnBeneventoTorrecuso
Il VerroCasertaPortico di Caserta
Iovino AntonioNapoliPozzuoli
La Casa dell’OrcoAvellinoPratola Serra
La DormienteBeneventoTorrecuso
La GuardienseBeneventoGuardia Sanframondi
La MolaraAvellinoLuogosano
La SibillaNapoliBacoli
La Vigna dell’EncaddeNapoliForio
Le Cantine dell’AvernoNapoliPozzuoli
Le MasciareAvellinoPaternopoli
Le OrmereAvellinoSanta Paolina
Le Terre di GiùCasertaAlvignano
Vino consigliatiLe Vigne di RaitoSalernoVietri sul Mare
Luigi MaffiniSalernoCastellabate
Luigi TecceAvellinoPaternopoli
Lunarossa Vini e PassioneSalerno
Macchia dei BrigantiAvellinoMontefalcione
Magnoni SalvatoreSalernoRutino
Dedicato a MariannaAvellinoGrottolella
Marisa CuomoSalernoFurore
Masseria CampitoCasertaGricignano di Aversa
Masseria FeliciaCasertaSessa Aurunca
Masseria FrattasiBeneventoMontesarchio
Masseria StarnaliCasertaGalluccio
Molettieri SalvatoreAvellinoMontemarano
Monte di GraziaSalernoTramonti
MoroneBeneventoGuardia Sanframondi
MustilliBeneventoSant’Agata de’ Goti
Nanni CopèCasertaVitulazio
Nicola TrabuccoCasertaCarinola
Nifo SerrapochielloBeneventoPonte
Np Nardone e PiccirilloAvellinoPietradefusi
Ocone ViniBeneventoPonte
Oppida AmineaBeneventoBenevento
PapaCasertaFalciano del Massico
PetiliaAvellinoAltavilla Irpina
Poderi FogliaCasertaConca della Campania
Porto di MolaCasertaRocca d’Evandro
QuintodecimoAvellinoMirabella Eclano
Regina ViarumCasertaFalciano del Massico
Rocca dei SannitiBeneventoBenevento
Rocca del PrincipeAvellinoLapio
Rocca dell’AngeloAvellinoVenticano
Vino consigliatiRossovermiglioBeneventoPaduli
Salvatore MolettieriAvellinoMontemarano
Cantina Sanpaolo-Claudio QuartaAvellinoTorrioni
San TeodoroCasertaSan Prisco
Vino consigliatiSclaviaCasertaLiberi
Tabernae-Colli FrigentiniAvellinoFrigento
Tenuta Adolfo SpadaCasertaGalluccio
Tenuta Cavalier PepeAvellinoSant’Angelo all’Esca
Tenuta MainardiSalernoAquara
Tenuta NucillaAvellino
Tenuta PonteAvellinoLuogosano
Tenuta Russo BrunoAvellinoTufo
Tenuta San FrancescoSalernoTramonti
Tenuta Sarno 1860AvellinoAvellino
Tenuta ScuottoAvellinoLapio
Terra di BrigantiBeneventoCasalduni
Terra di VentoSalerno
Terre del PrincipeCasertaCastel Campagnano
Terre IrpineAvellinoSturno
Terre StregateBeneventoGuardia Sanframondi
Torre a OrienteBeneventoTorrecuso
Torre del PagusBeneventoPaupisi
Torre VaranoBeneventoTorrecuso
Torre VenereBeneventoCastelvenere
Veneri VecchioBeneventoCastelvenere
Verrone ViticoltoriSalerno
Vestini CampagnanoCasertaCaiazzo
Vigne ChigiCasertaCapua
Vigne di Malies di Foschini FlavianoBeneventoGuardia Sanframondi
Vigne GuadagnoAvellinoMontefredane
Vigne IrpineAvellinoSanta Paolina
Villa DiamanteAvellinoMontefredane
Villa DoraNapoliTerzigno
Villa MatildeCasertaCellole
Vino consigliatiVilla RaianoAvellinoSan Michele di Serino
VinandaAvellinoMirabella Eclano
Vini OrsiniBeneventoSan Lupo
Viticoltori De ConciliisSalernoPrignano Cilento
Viticoltori del CasavecchiaCasertaPontelatone
VolparaCasertaSessa Aurunca
Zampaglione PierluigiAvellinoCalitri
Raffaele PalmaSalernoMaiori